Page tree
Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

Overview

The purpose of this page is to illustrate the plan for ApplicationTemplate and Application consolidation.  This work is being tracked in  CDAP-2662 - Getting issue details... STATUS .

Motivation

Why do we want to consolidate templates and applications? In CDAP 3.0, an ApplicationTemplate is a way for somebody to write an Application that can be given some configuration to create an Adapter. The story is confusing; one would expect an ApplicationTemplate to create... Applications. Instead, we use the term Adapter because Application means something else already. In addition an ApplicationTemplate can only include a single workflow or a single worker, giving people different experiences for templates and applications. 

Really, the goal of templates was to be able to write one piece of Application code that could be used to create multiple Applications. To do this requires that an Application can be configured at creation time instead of at compile time. For example, a user should be able to set the name of their dataset based on configuration instead of hardcoding it in the code. To support this, we plan on making it possible to get a configuration object from the ApplicationContext available in Application's configure() method. This allows somebody to pass in a config when creating an Application through the RESTful API, which can be used to configure an Application. The relevant programmatic API changes are shown below.

Definitions

Artifact - A jar file containing classes that can be used by CDAP.

Application Class - A java class that implements the CDAP Application interface. Bundled in an artifact.

Application Config - Configuration given to CDAP to create an Application (can be empty).

Application - An instantiation of an Application Class, created by passing an Application Config to an Application Class

Plugin - An extension to an Artifact. Usually implements an interface used by Application Classes in the Artifact.

 

old terminologynew terminologydescription
ApplicationTemplateArtifact

 

AdapterApplication

in 3.0 and 3.1, you create an Adapter by specifying an ApplicationTemplate and optionally some config

in 3.2, you create an Application by specifying an Artifact and optionally some config

ApplicationApplication

 

Application jarArtifact 

 

Use Case Walkthrough

1. Create an Application that uses config

1.1 Deploying the Artifact

A developer writes a configurable Application Class that uses a Flow to read from a stream and write to a Table.

public class MyApp extends AbstractApplication<MyApp.MyConfig> {
 
  public static class MyConfig extends Config {
    @Nullable
    @Description("The name of the stream to read from. Defaults to 'A'.")
    private String stream;
 
    @Nullable
    @Description("The name of the table to write to. Defaults to 'X'.")
    private String table;
 
    private MyConfig() {
      this.stream = "A";
      this.table = "X";
    }
  }
 
  public void configure() {
    // ApplicationContext now has a method to get a custom config object whose fields will
    // be injected using the values given in the RESTful API
    MyConfig config = getContext().getConfig();
    addStream(new Stream(config.stream));
    createDataset(config.table, Table.class);
    addFlow(new MyFlow(config.stream, config.table, config.flowConfig));
  }
}
 
public class MyFlow implements Flow {
  @Property
  private String stream;
  @Property
  private String table;
 
  MyFlow(String stream, String table) {
    this.stream = stream;
    this.table = table;
    this.flowConfig = flowConfig;
  }
 
  @Override
  public FlowSpecification configure() {
    return FlowSpecification.Builder.with()
      .setName("MyFlow")
      .setDescription("Reads from a stream and writes to a table")
      .withFlowlets()
        .add("reader", new Reader())
      .connect()
        .fromStream(stream).to("reader")
      .build();
  }
} 
 
public class Reader extends AbstractFlowlet {
  @Property
  private String tableName;
  private Table table;
  
  Reader(String tableName) {
    this.tableName = tableName;
  }  

  @Override
  public void initialize(FlowletContext context) throws Exception {
    table = context.getDataset(tableName);
  }
 
  @ProcessInput
  public void process(StreamEvent event) {
    Put put = new Put(Bytes.toBytes(event.getHeaders().get(config.rowkey)));
    put.add("timestamp", event.getTimestamp());
    put.add("body", Bytes.toBytes(event.getBody()));
    table.put(put);
  }
}

A jar named 'myapp-1.0.0.jar' is built which contains the Application Class. The jar is deployed via the RESTful API:

POST /namespaces/default/artifacts/myapp --data-binary @myapp-1.0.0.jar

Version is determined from the Bundle-Version in the artifact Manifest. It can also be provided as a header. Artifact details are now visible through other RESTful API calls:

GET /namespaces/default/artifacts
[
  {
    "name": "myapp",
    "version": "1.0.0"
  }
]
 
GET /namespaces/default/artifacts/myapp/versions/1.0.0
{
  "name": "myapp",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "classes": {
    "apps": [
      {
        "className": "co.cask.cdap.examples.myapp.MyApp",
        "properties": {
          "stream": { 
            "name": "stream", 
            "description": "The name of the stream to read from. Defaults to 'A'.", 
            "type": "string", 
            "required": false 
          },
          "table": {
            "name": "table",
            "description": "The name of the table to write to. Defaults to 'X'.",
            "type": "string",
            "required": false,
          }
        }
      }
    ],
    "flows": [ ... ],
    "flowlets": [ ... ],
    "datasetModules": [ ... ]
  }
}

In addition, a call can be made to get all Application Classes:

GET /namespaces/default/classes/apps
[
  {
    "className": "co.cask.cdap.examples.myapp.MyApp",
    "artifact": {
      "name": "myapp",
      "version": "1.0.0"
    }
  }
]

1.2 Creating an Application

The user decides to create an application from the deployed artifact. From the calls above, the user gathers that input and output are both configurable. The user decides to create an Application that reads from the 'purchases' stream and writes to the 'events' table.

PUT /namespaces/default/apps/purchaseDump -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '
{ 
  "artifact": {
    "name": "myapp",
    "version": "1.0.0"
  },
  "config": {
    "stream": "purchases",
    "table": "events" 
  }
}'

The Application now shows up in all the normal RESTful APIs, with all its programs, streams, and datasets.

1.3 Updating an Application

A bug is found in the code, a fix is provided, and a 'myapp-1.0.1.jar' release is made. The artifact is deployed:

POST /namespaces/default/artifacts/myapp --data-binary @myapp-1.0.1.jar

Note: Artifacts are immutable unless they are snapshot versions. Deploying again to version 1.0.0 would cause a conflict error.

A call can be made to determine if there are any Applications using the older artifact:

GET /namespaces/default/apps?artifactName=myapp&artifactVersion=1.0.0
[
  {
    "name": "purchaseDump",
    "description": "",   
    "artifactName": "myapp",
    "version": "1.0.0"
  }
]

Calls are made to stop running programs. Another call is then made to update the app:

POST /namespaces/default/apps/purchaseDump/update -d '
{ 
  "artifact": {
    "name": "myapp",
    "version": "1.0.1"
  },
  "config": {
    "stream": "purchases",
    "table": "events" 
  }
}'

The config section is optional. If none is given, the previous config will be used. If it is given, it will replace the old config (no merging is done).

1.4 Rolling Back an Application

Actually, version 1.0.1 has a bug that's even worse and needs to be rolled back. The same update call can be made:

POST /namespaces/default/apps/purchaseDump/update -d '
{ 
  "artifact": {
    "name": "myapp",
    "version": "1.0.0"
  },
  "config": {
    "stream": "purchases",
    "table": "events" 
  }
}'

1.5 Deploying an Artifact and Creating an App in one step

For backwards compatibility, the deploy app API will remain the same and will internally deploy an artifact and create the app in one call. An additional header will be supported specifying the Application Config.

POST /namespaces/default/apps --data-binary @myapp-1.0.0.jar -H 'X-App-Config: { "stream": "purchases", "table": "events" }'

2. Create an Application that uses plugins

2.1 Application Class changes

Now the user decides to update the MyApp Application Class to support pluggable ways of reading from a stream. This is done by introducing a 'StreamReader' interface in their project:

public interface StreamReader {
  Put read(StreamEvent event);
}

The user wants this StreamReader interface to be pluggable. There can be many implementations of StreamReader, and which implementation to use should be configurable. The Flowlet code changes to use the new StreamReader interface using the plugin java API:

public class Reader extends AbstractFlowlet {
  @Property
  private String tableName;
  private Table table;
  private StreamReader streamReader;
 
  Reader(String tableName) {
    this.tableName = tableName;
  }  
  @Override
  public void initialize(FlowletContext context) throws Exception {
    table = context.getDataset(tableName);
    streamReader = context.newPluginInstance("readerPluginID");
  }
 
  @ProcessInput
  public void process(StreamEvent event) {
    table.put(streamReader.read(event));
  }
}

The Application Class is changed to register a "streamreader" plugin based on configuration:

public class MyApp extends AbstractApplication<MyApp.MyConfig> {
 
  public static class MyConfig extends Config {
    @Nullable
    @Description("The name of the stream to read from. Defaults to 'A'.")
    private String stream;
 
    @Nullable
    @Description("The name of the table to write to. Defaults to 'X'.")
    private String table;
 
    @Description("The name of the streamreader plugin to use.")
    private String readerPlugin;
 
    @Nullable
    @Description("Properties to send to the streamreader plugin.")
    @PluginType("streamreader")
    private PluginProperties readerPluginProperties;
 
    private MyConfig() {
      this.stream = "A";
      this.table = "X";
    }
  }
 
  @Override
  public void configure() {
    // ApplicationContext now has a method to get a custom config object whose fields will
    // be injected using the values given in the RESTful API
    MyConfig config = getContext().getConfig();
    addStream(new Stream(config.stream));
    createDataset(config.table, Table.class);
    addFlow(new MyFlow(config.stream, config.table, config.flowConfig));
    // arguments are: type, name, id, properties
    usePlugin("streamreader", config.readerPlugin, "readerPluginID", config.readerPluginProperties);
  }
}

This becomes v2 of the Application Class. It is deployed via the same RESTful API:

POST /namespaces/default/artifacts/myapp --data-binary @myapp-2.0.0.jar

The metadata about this artifact now includes additional information about the config:

GET /namespaces/default/artifacts/myapp/versions/2.0.0
{
  "name": "myapp",
  "version": "2.0.0",
  "classes": {
    "apps": [
      {
        "className": "co.cask.cdap.examples.myapp.MyApp",
        "properties": {
          "stream": { 
            "name": "stream", 
            "description": "The name of the stream to read from. Defaults to 'A'.", 
            "type": "string", 
            "required": false 
          },
          "table": {
            "name": "table",
            "description": "The name of the table to write to. Defaults to 'X'.",
            "type": "string",
            "required": false,
          },
          "readerPlugin": {
            "name": "readerPlugin",
            "description": "The name of the streamreader plugin to use.",
            "type": "string",
            "required": true
          },
          "readerPluginProperties": {
            "name": "readerPluginProperties",
            "description": "Properties to send to the streamreader plugin.",
            "type": "plugin",
            "plugintype": "streamreader",
            "required": false
          }
        }
      }
    ],
    "flows": [ ... ],
    "flowlets": [ ... ],
    "datasetModules": [ ... ]
  }
}

2.2 Adding plugins

A default implementation of the streamreader plugin is created to implement the previous logic:

@Plugin(type = "streamreader")
@Name("default")
@Description("Writes timestamp and body as two columns and expects the row key to come as a header in the stream event.")
public class DefaultStreamReader implements StreamReader {
  private DefaultConfig config;
 
  public static class DefaultConfig extends PluginConfig {
    @Description("The header that should be used as the row key to write to. Defaults to 'rowkey'.")
    @Nullable
    private String rowkey;
    
    private DefaultConfig() {
      rowkey = "rowkey";
    }
  }
 
  public Put read(StreamEvent event) {
    Put put = new Put(Bytes.toBytes(event.getHeaders().get(config.rowkey)));
    put.add("timestamp", event.getTimestamp());
    put.add("body", Bytes.toBytes(event.getBody()));
    return put;
  }
}

The plugin is bundled into a 'streamreaders-1.0.0.jar' artifact. It is added as an extension to the myapp artifact:

POST /namespaces/default/artifacts/streamreaders --data-binary streamreaders-1.0.0.jar -H 'X-Extends-Artifacts: myapp-[2.0.0,3.0.0)'

The plugin details can now be seen by querying for extensions to myapp:

GET /namespaces/default/artifacts/myapp/versions/2.0.0/extensions
[ "streamreader" ]
 
GET /namespaces/default/artifacts/myapp/versions/2.0.0/extensions/streamreader
[
  {
    "name": "default",
    "type": "reader",
    "description": "Writes timestamp and body as two columns and expects the row key to come as a header in the stream event.",
    "className": "co.cask.cdap.examples.myapp.plugins.DefaultStreamReader",
    "artifact": {
      "name": "streamreaders",
      "version": "1.0.0"
    }
  }
]
 
GET /namespaces/default/artifacts/myapp/versions/2.0.0/extensions/streamreader/plugins/default
[
  {
    "name": "default",
    "type": "reader",
    "description": "Writes timestamp and body as two columns and expects the row key to come as a header in the stream event.",
    "className": "co.cask.cdap.examples.myapp.plugins.DefaultStreamReader",
    "properties": {
      "rowkey": {
        "name": "rowkey",
        "description": "The header that should be used as the row key to write to. Defaults to 'rowkey'.",
        "type": "string",
        "required": false
      }
    }
    "artifact": {
      "name": "streamreaders",
      "version": "1.0.0"
    }
  }
]

2.3 Creating an Application that uses plugins

With this information a user is now able to create an Application that uses a Plugin:

PUT /namespaces/default/apps/userDump -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '
{ 
  "artifact": {
    "name": "myapp",
    "version": "2.0.0"
  },
  "config": {
    "stream": "users",
    "table": "events"
    "readerPlugin": "default",
    "readerPluginProperties": {
      "rowkey": "user-id"
    } 
  }
}'

 

3. System Artifacts

System artifacts are special artifacts that can be accessed in other namespaces. They cannot be deployed through the RESTful API unless a conf setting is set. Instead, they are placed in a directory on the CDAP master host. When CDAP starts up, the directory will be scanned and those artifacts will be added to the system. Example uses for system artifacts are the ETLBatch and ETLRealtime applications that we want to include out of the box.

System artifacts are included in results by default and are indicated with a special flag.

GET /namespaces/default/artifacts
[
  {
    "name": "ETLBatch",
    "version": "3.1.0",
    "isSystem": true
  },  
  {
    "name": "ETLRealtime",
    "version": "3.1.0",
    "isSystem": true
  },
  {
    "name": "ETLPlugins",
    "version": "3.1.0",
    "isSystem": true
  },
  {
    "name": "myapp",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "isSystem": false
  },
  {
    "name": "myapp",
    "version": "1.0.1",
    "isSystem": false
  }
]

System artifacts can be excluded from results using a filter:

GET /namespaces/default/artifacts?includeSystem=false
[
  {
    "name": "myapp",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "isSystem": false
  },
  {
    "name": "myapp",
    "version": "1.0.1",
    "isSystem": false
  }
]

 

When a user wants to create an application from a system artifact, they make the same RESTful call as before, except adding a special flag to indicate it is a system artifact:

 

PUT /namespaces/default/apps/somePipeline -d '
{ 
  "artifact": {
    "name":"ETLBatch",
    "version":"3.1.0",
    "isSystem": true
  },
  "config": { ... }
}'

4. Deleting an Artifact

Non-snapshot artifacts will be immutable. Advanced users can delete an existing artifact, but the assumption will be that they know exactly what they are doing. Deleting an artifact may cause programs that are using it to fail.

5. CDAP Upgrade

The programmatic API changes are all backwards compatible, so existing apps will not need to be recompiled. They will, however, need to be added to the artifact repository as part of the upgrade tool (or force people to redeploy their existing apps).

Any existing adapters will need to be migrated. Ideally, the upgrade tool will create matching applications based on the adapter conf, but at a minimum we will simply delete existing adapters and templates.

6. Application Versioning

This was mentioned in stories 1 and 2, but versioning is now explicitly managed by CDAP.

 

Suppose a development team is working on a search application. There is a dev instance of CDAP running, and an initial version 0.1.0-SNAPSHOT of the artifact is deployed, and a corresponding application is created from it:

POST /namespaces/default/artifacts/searchapp --data-binary @searchapp-0.1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar
 
PUT /namespaces/default/apps/search -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '
{ 
  "artifact": {
    "name": "searchapp",
    "version": "0.1.0-SNAPSHOT"
  },
  "config": { 
    "stream": "docs"
  }
}'

During development, every day, a new version of the artifact is built and deployed:

POST /namespaces/default/artifacts/searchapp --data-binary @searchapp-0.1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar

This replaces the version of the artifact that was there before.  Any running programs will be using the old code, but any new programs started after the artifact is added will use the new code.  Therefore, as part of the deployment process, application programs are restarted.  After some time, the initial version of the application code is deemed ready for release.  The project version is bumped to version 0.1.0, an artifact is built and deployed to CDAP:

POST /namespaces/default/artifacts/searchapp --data-binary @searchapp-0.1.0.jar

This adds a newer version of the artifact.  This version is not a snapshot version and is therefore immutable.  Attempts to re-deploy it will fail.  Deploying the artifact has no impact on existing applications.  The 'search' application will continue to use version 0.1.0-SNAPSHOT of the artifact until it is updated to the new version:

POST /namespaces/default/apps/search/update -d '
{ 
  "artifact": {
    "name": "searchapp",
    "version": "0.1.0"
  }
}

If no config is given, the existing config will be used. Otherwise, if a config is given, it will entirely replace the existing config. Artifact version cannot be changed unless all running programs are stopped.

After some time, some bugs are found and version 0.1.1 is developed and released. The jar is built and deployed to CDAP:

POST /namespaces/default/artifacts/searchapp --data-binary @searchapp-0.1.1.jar

The application is updated to use the new version of the artifact with the bug fixes:

POST /namespaces/default/apps/search/update -d '
{ 
  "artifact": {
    "name": "searchapp",
    "version": "0.1.1"
  }
}

After some more time, additional features are added and version 0.2.0 is built and released, and the application is changed to use the new version of the artifact:

POST /namespaces/default/artifacts/searchapp --data-binary @searchapp-0.2.0.jar
 
POST /namespaces/default/apps/search/update -d '
{ 
  "artifact": {
    "name": "searchapp",
    "version": "0.2.0"
  }
}

If there is any schema evolution happening or any other backwards impacting changes, they must be handled correctly by the application logic. CDAP will not migrate data or have any guarantees of compatibility between artifact versions.

During the release, a serious bug is discovered and the application is rolled back to use the previous artifact version:

POST /namespaces/default/apps/search/update -d '
{ 
  "artifact": {
    "name": "searchapp",
    "version": "0.1.1"
  }
}

Again, no compatibility guarantees are made by CDAP.  This operation may not be safe if the application logic does not make it safe, for example if there is data written in a new format that the old code cannot understand.

RESTful API changes

Application APIs

TypePathBodyHeadersDescription
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/apps?artifactName=<name>[&artifactVersion=<version>]  get all apps using the given artifact name and version
POST/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/appsapplication jar contentsApplication-Config: <json of config>same as deploy api today, except allows passing config as a header
PUT/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/apps/<app-name>application jar contentsApplication-Config: <json of config>same as deploy api today, except allows passing config as a header
PUT/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/apps/<app-name>
{ 
  'artifact': {'name':<name>, 'version':<version>}, 
  'config': { ... } 
}
Content-Type: application/json

create an application from an existing artifact.

Note: Edits existing API, different behavior based on content-type

POST/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/apps/<app-name>/update
{ 
  'artifact': {'name':<name>, 'version':<version>}, 
  'config': { ... } 
}
 update an existing application. No programs can be running

Artifact APIs

TypePathBodyHeadersDescription
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/artifacts   
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/artifacts/<artifact-name>  Get data about all artifact versions
POST/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/artifacts/<artifact-name>jar contents

Artifact-Version: <version>

Artifact-Plugins: <json of plugins in the artifact>

Add a new artifact. Version header only needed if Bundle-Version is not in jar Manifest. If both present, header wins.

Artifact plugins can be explicitly given as a header.

This is to support the use case of 3rd party classes used as plugins, such as jdbc drivers

GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/artifacts/<artifact-name>/versions/<version>  Get details about the artifact, such as what plugins and applications are in the artifact and properties they support
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/artifacts/<artifact-name>/versions/<version>/extensions  

 

GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/artifacts/<artifact-name>/versions/<version>/extensions/<plugin-type>   
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/artifacts/<artifact-name>/versions/<version>/extensions/<plugin-type>/plugins/<plugin-name>  

config properties can be nested now. For example:

{
  "className": "co.cask.cdap.example.MyPlugin",
  "description": "My Plugin",
  "name": "MyPlugin",
  "properties": {
    "threshold": { "name": "thresh", "type": "int", "required": false },
    "user": { "name": "user", "type": "config", "required": true,
      "fields": {
        "id": { "name": "id", "type": "long", "required": true },
        "digits": { "name": "phoneNumber", "type": "string", "required": true }
      }
    }
  }
}
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/classes/apps   
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/classes/apps/<app-classname>   

Template APIs (will be removed)

TypePathReplaced By
GET/v3/templates/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/artifacts?scope=system
GET/v3/templates/<template-name>/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/artifacts/[cdap-etl-batch | cdap-etl-realtime]?scope=system
GET/v3/templates/<template-name>/extensions/<plugin-type>/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/artifacts/<artifact-name>/versions/<version>/extensions/<plugin-type>
GET/v3/templates/<template-name>/extensions/<plugin-type>/plugins/<plugin-name>/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/artifacts/<artifact-name>/versions/<version>/extensions/<plugin-type>/plugins/<plugin-name>
PUT/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/templates/<template-id>POST /v3/namespaces/system/artifacts
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/adapters/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/apps?artifactName=cdap-etl-batch
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/adapters/<adapter-name>/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/apps/<app-name>
POST/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/adapters/<adapter-name>/startresume workflow schedule api for etl-batch, start worker api for etl-realtime
POST/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/adapters/<adapter-name>/stoppause workflow schedule api for etl-batch, stop worker api for etl-realtime
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/adapters/<adapter-name>/statusworkflow schedule status api for etl-batch, worker status api for etl-realtime
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/adapters/<adapter-name>/runsworkflow runs api for etl-batch, worker runs api for etl-realtime
GET/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/adapters/<adapter-name>/runs/<run-id>workflow runs api for etl-batch, worker runs api for etl-realtime
DELETE/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/adapters/<adapter-name>/v3/namespaces/<namespace-id>/apps/<app-name>
  • No labels

1 Comment

  1. should we use the system namespace for the system artifacts ? Currently i see all the namespace's includes system artifacts unless specified to skip it.