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Checklist

  • User Stories Documented
  • User Stories Reviewed
  • Design Reviewed
  • APIs reviewed
  • Release priorities assigned
  • Test cases reviewed
  • Blog post

Introduction 

CDAP pipeline is composed of various plugins that can be configured by users as CDAP pipelines are being developed. While building CDAP pipelines, pipeline developer can provide invalid plugin configurations or schema. For example, the BigQuery sink plugin can have output schema which does not match with underlying BigQuery table. CDAP pipeline developer can use new validation endpoint to validate the stages before deploying the pipeline. In order to fail fast and for better user experience, validation endpoint should return all the validation errors from a given stage when this endpoint is called. 

Data pipeline app exposes various error types for plugin validation. In future releases, new error types can be introduced. With current implementation, when plugins with new error types are pushed to hub, data pipeline artifacts need to be updated for every new type of error that is introduced. This is because the validation errors are defined in the data pipeline app itself. A better approach would be to modify data pipeline app so that app artifacts do not need to be replaced for every new type of error.

Goals

  • To fail fast and for better user experience, introduce a new api to collect multiple validation error messages from a stage at configure time

  • Decouple validation error types from data pipeline app
  • Instrument plugins to use this api to return multiple error messages for validation endpoint

User Stories 

  • As a CDAP pipeline developer, when I validate a stage, I expect that all the invalid config properties and input/output schema fields are highlighted on CDAP UI with appropriate error message and corrective action.
  • As a plugin developer, I should be able to capture all the validation errors while configuring the plugin so that all the validation errors can be surfaced on CDAP UI.
  • As a plugin developer, I should be able to use new validation error types without replacing data pipeline app artifacts. 

API Changes for Plugin Validation

Collect Multiple errors from plugins

To collect multiple stage validation errors from the stage, StageConfigurer, MultiInputStageConfigurer and MultiOutputStageConfigurer can be modified as below. Current implementation does not expose stage name to the plugin in configurePipeline method. Stage name will be needed by the plugins to create stage specific errors. For that, stage name will be exposed to plugins through stage configurer as below.

StageConfigurer.java
public interface StageConfigurer {

  ...

/**
 * Get the stage name.
 * 
 * @return stage name
 */
String getStageName();


/**
 * Adds a new validation failure to the configurer.
 *
 * @param failure a validation failure
 */
void addValidationFailure(ValidationFailure failure);

/**
 * Throws validation exception if there are any failures that are added to the configurer through
 * addValidationFailure method.
 *
 * @throws ValidationException if there are any validation failures being carried by the configurer
 */
void throwIfFailure() throws ValidationException;

Decouple plugin error types from data pipeline app

Approach - 1

To carry error information, a new ValidationFailure class is introduced to collect multiple validation failures in stage configurer. This class can be built using a ValidationFailureBuilder which only allows string properties. The builder expose methods to get message, type and properties of a failure. The validation failures are collected using ValidationException. Using this validation exception whenever plugin has an invalid property that is tied to another invalid property, plugin can throw a validation exception with all the errors collected so far. This keep plugin validation code much simpler. 

ValidationFailure.java
/**
 * Represents an error condition occurred during validation.
 */
@Beta
public class ValidationFailure {
  // types of the failures
  private static final String STAGE_ERROR = "StageError";
  private static final String INVALID_PROPERTY = "InvalidProperty";
  private static final String PLUGIN_NOT_FOUND = "PluginNotFound";
  private static final String INVALID_INPUT_SCHEMA = "InvalidInputSchema";
  private static final String INVALID_OUTPUT_SCHEMA = "InvalidOutputSchema";

  // represents stage name in the failure. It is a generic property used in all the failures for a given stage
  private static final String STAGE = "stage";

  // represents configuration property in InvalidProperty failure
  private static final String CONFIG_PROPERTY = "configProperty";

  // represents plugin id in PluginNotFound failure
  private static final String PLUGIN_ID = "pluginId";
  // represents plugin type in PluginNotFound failure
  private static final String PLUGIN_TYPE = "pluginType";
  // represents plugin name in PluginNotFound failure
  private static final String PLUGIN_NAME = "pluginName";

  // represents a field in InvalidInputSchema or InvalidOutputSchema failure
  private static final String FIELD = "field";
  // represents input stage in InvalidInputSchema failure
  private static final String INPUT_STAGE = "inputStage";
  // represents output port in InvalidOutputSchema failure
  private static final String OUTPUT_PORT = "outputPort";

  private final String message;
  private final String type;
  private final String correctiveAction;
  private final Map<String, Object> properties;

  private ValidationFailure(String message, String type, @Nullable String correctiveAction,
                            Map<String, Object> properties) {
    this.message = message;
    this.type = type;
    this.correctiveAction = correctiveAction;
    this.properties = properties;
  }

  /**
   * Creates a stage validation failure.
   *
   * @param message validation failure message
   * @param stage stage name
   * @param correctiveAction corrective action
   */
  public static ValidationFailure createStageFailure(String message, String stage, @Nullable String correctiveAction) {
    Builder builder = builder(message, STAGE_ERROR);
    builder.setCorrectiveAction(correctiveAction).addProperty(STAGE, stage);
    return builder.build();
  }

  /**
   * Creates a config property validation failure.
   *
   * @param message validation failure message
   * @param stage stage name
   * @param correctiveAction corrective action
   */
  public static ValidationFailure createConfigPropertyFailure(String message, String stage,
                                                              String property, @Nullable String correctiveAction) {
    Builder builder = builder(message, INVALID_PROPERTY);
    builder.setCorrectiveAction(correctiveAction)
      .addProperty(STAGE, stage).addProperty(CONFIG_PROPERTY, property);
    return builder.build();
  }

  /**
   * Creates a plugin not found validation failure.
   *
   * @param message validation failure message
   * @param stage stage name
   * @param correctiveAction corrective action
   */
  public static ValidationFailure createPluginNotFoundFailure(String message, String stage,
                                                              String pluginId, String pluginName, String pluginType,
                                                              @Nullable String correctiveAction) {
    Builder builder = builder(message, PLUGIN_NOT_FOUND);
    builder.setCorrectiveAction(correctiveAction)
      .addProperty(STAGE, stage).addProperty(PLUGIN_ID, pluginId)
      .addProperty(PLUGIN_TYPE, pluginType)
      .addProperty(PLUGIN_NAME, pluginName);
    return builder.build();
  }

  /**
   * Creates a invalid input schema failure.
   *
   * @param message validation failure message
   * @param stage stage name
   * @param field input schema field
   * @param inputStage optional input stagename. This is applicable to plugins of type {@link Joiner}.
   * @param correctiveAction optional corrective action
   * @return invalid input schema validation failure
   */
  public static ValidationFailure createInputSchemaFailure(String message, String stage, String field,
                                                           @Nullable String inputStage,
                                                           @Nullable String correctiveAction) {
    ...
  }

  /**
   * Creates a invalid output schema failure.
   *
   * @param message validation failure message
   * @param stage stage name
   * @param field output schema field
   * @param outputPort optional output port. This is applicable to plugins of type {@link SplitterTransform}.
   * @param correctiveAction optional corrective action
   * @return invalid output schema validation failure
   */
  public static ValidationFailure createOutputSchemaFailure(String message, String stage, String field,
                                                            @Nullable String outputPort,
                                                            @Nullable String correctiveAction) {
   ....
  }

  /**
   * Returns a builder for creating a {@link ValidationFailure}.
   */
  public static Builder builder(String message, String type) {
    return new Builder(message, type);
  }

  /**
   * A builder to create {@link ValidationFailure} instance.
   */
  public static class Builder {
    private final String message;
    private final String type;
    private String correctiveAction;
    private final Map<String, Object> properties;

    private Builder(String message, String type) {
      this.message = message;
      this.type = type;
      this.properties = new HashMap<>();
    }

    /**
     * Sets corrective action to rectify the failure.
     *
     * @param correctiveAction corrective action
     * @return this builder
     */
    public Builder setCorrectiveAction(String correctiveAction) {
      this.correctiveAction = correctiveAction;
      return this;
    }

    /**
     * Adds a property to the failure.
     *
     * @param property the name of the property
     * @param value the value of the property
     * @return this builder
     */
    public Builder addProperty(String property, String value) {
      this.properties.put(property, value);
      return this;
    }

    /**
     * Creates a new instance of {@link ValidationFailure}.
     *
     * @return instance of {@link ValidationFailure}
     */
    public ValidationFailure build() {
      return new ValidationFailure(message, type, correctiveAction,
                                   Collections.unmodifiableMap(new HashMap<>(properties)));
    }
  }

  /**
   * Returns message of this failure.
   */
  public String getMessage() {
    return message;
  }

  /**
   * Returns type of this failure.
   */
  public String getType() {
    return type;
  }

  /**
   * Returns corrective action for this failure.
   */
  @Nullable
  public String getCorrectiveAction() {
    return correctiveAction;
  }

  /**
   * Returns properties of this failure.
   */
  public Map<String, Object> getProperties() {
    return properties;
  }

  @Override
  public boolean equals(Object o) {
    if (this == o) {
      return true;
    }
    if (o == null || getClass() != o.getClass()) {
      return false;
    }
    ValidationFailure that = (ValidationFailure) o;
    return message.equals(that.message) && type.equals(that.type) &&
      Objects.equals(correctiveAction, that.correctiveAction) &&
      properties.equals(that.properties);
  }

  @Override
  public int hashCode() {
    return Objects.hash(message, type, correctiveAction, properties);
  }

  @Override
  public String toString() {
    return "ValidationFailure{" +
      "message='" + message + '\'' +
      ", type='" + type + '\'' +
      ", correctiveAction='" + correctiveAction + '\'' +
      ", properties=" + properties +
      '}';
  }
}
ValidationException.java
/**
 * Validation exception that carries multiple validation failures.
 */
@Beta
public class ValidationException extends RuntimeException {
  private List<ValidationFailure> failures;

  public ValidationException(List<ValidationFailure> failures) {
    super(failures.isEmpty() ? "Validation Exception occurred." : failures.iterator().next().getMessage());
    this.failures = failures;
  }

  /**
   * Returns list of failures.
   */
  public List<ValidationFailure> getFailures() {
    return failures;
  }
}


API usage in plugins

@Override
public void configurePipeline(PipelineConfigurer pipelineConfigurer) {
  pipelineConfigurer.createDataset(conf.destinationFileset, FileSet.class);
  StageConfigurer stageConfigurer = pipelineConfigurer.getStageConfigurer();
  // get the name of the stage 
  String stageName = stageConfigurer.getStageName();
  try {
    Pattern.compile(conf.filterRegex);
  } catch (Exception e) {  
    // add validation failure to stage configurer
    stageConfigurer.addValidationFailure(ValidationFailure.createConfigPropertyFailure(e.getMessage(), stageName, "filterRegex", "Make sure the file regex is correct"));
    // plugin can choose to terminate processing here
    stageConfigurer.throwIfFailure();
  }
  if (conf.sourceFileset.equals(conf.destinationFileset)) {
    // add validation failure to stage configurer
    stageConfigurer.addValidationFailure(ValidationFailure.createStageFailure("source and destination filesets must be different", stageName, "Provide different source and destination filesets"));
  }
}


Approach - 2

Validation error represents an error with various causes with different attributes for each cause. For example, when the input schema field type does not match the underlying sink schema, the cause is input field mismatch with attributes such as stage name, field name, suggested type etc. Each error message can be associated to more than one causes. This can happen for plugins such as joiner and splitter where there are multiple input or output schemas from a given stage. For example, when input schemas for joiner are not compatible, the causes will include mismatching fields from input schemas of incoming stages. This means that a validation error can be represented as a list of causes where each cause is a map of cause attribute to its value as shown below.

FailureCollector.java
/**
 * Failure collector is responsible to collect {@link ValidationFailure}s.
 */
@Beta
public interface FailureCollector {

  /**
   * Add a validation failure to this failure collector. The method returns the validation failure that was added to
   * the failure collector. This failure can be used to add additional {@link ValidationFailure.Cause}s.
   * For example,
   * <code>failureCollector.addFailure("message", "action").withConfigProperty("configProperty");</code>
   *
   * @param message failure message
   * @param correctiveAction corrective action
   * @return a validation failure
   * @throws UnsupportedOperationException if the implementation does not override this method
   */
  default ValidationFailure addFailure(String message, @Nullable String correctiveAction) {
    throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Adding a failure is not supported.");
  }

  /**
   * Throws validation exception if there are any failures that are added to the failure collector through
   * {@link #addFailure(String, String)}.
   * If no failures are added to the collector, it will return a {@link ValidationException} with empty failure list.
   *
   * <pre>
   *   String someMethod() {
   *   switch (someVar) {
   *     // cases
   *   }
   *   // if control comes here, it means failure
   *   failureCollector.addFailure(...);
   *   // throw validation exception so that compiler knows that exception is being thrown which eliminates the need to
   *   // have a statement that returns null towards the end of this method
   *   throw failureCollector.getOrThrowException();
   * }
   * </pre>
   *
   * @return returns a {@link ValidationException} if no failures were added to the collector
   * @throws ValidationException exception indicating validation failures
   * @throws UnsupportedOperationException if the implementation does not override this method
   */
  default ValidationException getOrThrowException() throws ValidationException {
    throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Throwing failures is not supported.");
  }
}
public interface StageConfigurer {
  ....

  /**
   * Returns a failure collector for the stage.
   *
   * @return a failure collector
   * @throws UnsupportedOperationException if the implementation does not override this method
   */
  default FailureCollector getFailureCollector() {
    throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Getting failure collector is not supported.");
  }
}

ValidationException.java
/**
 * Validation exception that carries multiple validation failures.
 */
@Beta
public class ValidationException extends RuntimeException {
  private final List<ValidationFailure> failures;

  /**
   * Creates a validation exception with list of failures.
   *
   * @param failures list of validation failures
   */
  public ValidationException(List<ValidationFailure> failures) {
    super("Errors were encountered during validation.");
    this.failures = Collections.unmodifiableList(new ArrayList<>(failures));
  }

  /**
   * Returns a list of validation failures.
   */
  public List<ValidationFailure> getFailures() {
    return failures;
  }
}
ValidationFailure.java
/**
 * Represents a failure condition occurred during validation.
 */
@Beta
public class ValidationFailure {
  private static final Gson GSON = new Gson();
  private final String message;
  private final String correctiveAction;
  private final List<Cause> causes;

  /**
   * Creates a validation failure with provided message.
   *
   * @param message validation failure message
   */
  public ValidationFailure(String message) {
    this(message, null);
  }

  /**
   * Creates a validation failure with provided message and corrective action.
   *
   * @param message validation failure message
   * @param correctiveAction corrective action
   */
  public ValidationFailure(String message, @Nullable String correctiveAction) {
    this.message = message;
    this.correctiveAction = correctiveAction;
    this.causes = new ArrayList<>();
  }

  /**
   * Adds provided cause to this validation failure.
   *
   * @param cause cause of validation failure
   * @return validation failure with provided cause
   */
  public ValidationFailure withCause(Cause cause) {
    causes.add(cause);
    return this;
  }

  /**
   * Adds cause attributes that represents plugin not found failure cause.
   *
   * @param pluginId plugin id
   * @param pluginName plugin name
   * @param pluginType plugin type
   * @return validation failure with plugin not found cause
   */
  public ValidationFailure withPluginNotFound(String pluginId, String pluginName, String pluginType) {
    return withPluginNotFound(pluginId, pluginName, pluginType, null, null);
  }

  /**
   * Adds cause attributes that represents plugin not found failure cause.
   *
   * @param pluginId plugin id
   * @param pluginName plugin name
   * @param pluginType plugin type
   * @param requestedArtifact requested artifact
   * @param suggestedArtifact suggested artifact
   * @return validation failure with plugin not found cause
   */
  public ValidationFailure withPluginNotFound(String pluginId, String pluginName, String pluginType,
                                              @Nullable ArtifactId requestedArtifact,
                                              @Nullable ArtifactId suggestedArtifact) {
    Cause cause = new Cause().addAttribute(CauseAttributes.PLUGIN_ID, pluginId)
      .addAttribute(CauseAttributes.PLUGIN_NAME, pluginName)
      .addAttribute(CauseAttributes.PLUGIN_TYPE, pluginType);
    if (requestedArtifact != null) {
      cause.addAttribute(CauseAttributes.REQUESTED_ARTIFACT_NAME, requestedArtifact.getName());
      cause.addAttribute(CauseAttributes.REQUESTED_ARTIFACT_SCOPE, requestedArtifact.getScope().name());
      cause.addAttribute(CauseAttributes.REQUESTED_ARTIFACT_VERSION, requestedArtifact.getVersion().getVersion());
    }

    if (suggestedArtifact != null) {
      cause.addAttribute(CauseAttributes.SUGGESTED_ARTIFACT_NAME, suggestedArtifact.getName());
      cause.addAttribute(CauseAttributes.SUGGESTED_ARTIFACT_SCOPE, suggestedArtifact.getScope().name());
      cause.addAttribute(CauseAttributes.SUGGESTED_ARTIFACT_VERSION, suggestedArtifact.getVersion().getVersion());
    }
    causes.add(cause);
    return this;
  }

  /**
   * Adds cause attributes that represents invalid stage configure property failure cause.
   *
   * @param stageConfigProperty stage config property
   * @return validation failure with invalid stage config property cause
   */
  public ValidationFailure withConfigProperty(String stageConfigProperty) {
    causes.add(new Cause().addAttribute(CauseAttributes.STAGE_CONFIG, stageConfigProperty));
    return this;
  }

  /**
   * Adds cause attributes for failure cause that represents an invalid element in the list associated with given stage
   * configure property.
   *
   * @param stageConfigProperty stage config property
   * @param element element in the list associated by a given stageConfigProperty
   * @return validation failure with invalid stage config property element cause
   */
  public ValidationFailure withConfigElement(String stageConfigProperty, String element) {
    causes.add(new Cause().addAttribute(CauseAttributes.STAGE_CONFIG, stageConfigProperty)
                 .addAttribute(CauseAttributes.CONFIG_ELEMENT, element));
    return this;
  }

  /**
   * Adds cause attributes that represents invalid input schema field failure cause.
   *
   * @param fieldName name of the input schema field
   * @param inputStage stage name
   * @return validation failure with invalid input schema field cause
   */
  public ValidationFailure withInputSchemaField(String fieldName, @Nullable String inputStage) {
    Cause cause = new Cause().addAttribute(CauseAttributes.INPUT_SCHEMA_FIELD, fieldName);
    cause = inputStage == null ? cause : cause.addAttribute(CauseAttributes.INPUT_STAGE, inputStage);
    causes.add(cause);
    return this;
  }

  /**
   * Adds cause attributes that represents invalid output schema field failure cause.
   *
   * @param fieldName name of the output schema field
   * @param outputPort stage name
   * @return validation failure with invalid output schema field cause
   */
  public ValidationFailure withOutputSchemaField(String fieldName, @Nullable String outputPort) {
    Cause cause = new Cause().addAttribute(CauseAttributes.OUTPUT_SCHEMA_FIELD, fieldName);
    cause = outputPort == null ? cause : cause.addAttribute(CauseAttributes.OUTPUT_PORT, outputPort);
    causes.add(cause);
    return this;
  }

  /**
   * Adds cause attributes that represents a stacktrace.
   *
   * @param stacktraceElements stacktrace for the error
   * @return validation failure with stacktrace
   */
  public ValidationFailure withStacktrace(StackTraceElement[] stacktraceElements) {
    causes.add(new Cause().addAttribute(CauseAttributes.STACKTRACE, GSON.toJson(stacktraceElements)));
    return this;
  }

  /**
   * Returns failure message.
   */
  public String getMessage() {
    return message;
  }

  /**
   * Returns corrective action for this failure.
   */
  @Nullable
  public String getCorrectiveAction() {
    return correctiveAction;
  }

  /**
   * Returns causes that caused this failure.
   */
  public List<Cause> getCauses() {
    return causes;
  }

  @Override
  public boolean equals(Object o) {
    if (this == o) {
      return true;
    }
    if (o == null || getClass() != o.getClass()) {
      return false;
    }
    ValidationFailure failure = (ValidationFailure) o;
    return message.equals(failure.message) &&
      Objects.equals(correctiveAction, failure.correctiveAction) && causes.equals(failure.causes);
  }

  @Override
  public int hashCode() {
    return Objects.hash(message, correctiveAction, causes);
  }

  /**
   * Represents a cause of a failure.
   */
  @Beta
  public static class Cause {
    private final Map<String, String> attributes;

    /**
     * Creates a failure cause.
     */
    public Cause() {
      this.attributes = new HashMap<>();
    }

    /**
     * Adds an attribute to this cause.
     *
     * @param attribute cause attribute name
     * @param value cause attribute value
     * @return this cause
     */
    public Cause addAttribute(String attribute, String value) {
      attributes.put(attribute, value);
      return this;
    }

    /**
     * Returns value of the provided cause attribute.
     *
     * @param attribute attribute name
     */
    public String getAttribute(String attribute) {
      return attributes.get(attribute);
    }

    /**
     * Returns all the attributes of the cause.
     */
    public Map<String, String> getAttributes() {
      return Collections.unmodifiableMap(new HashMap<>(attributes));
    }

    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object o) {
      if (this == o) {
        return true;
      }
      if (o == null || getClass() != o.getClass()) {
        return false;
      }
      Cause cause = (Cause) o;
      return attributes.equals(cause.attributes);
    }

    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
      return Objects.hash(attributes);
    }
  }
}


All the attributes of a cause can be tracked at central location as below: 

CauseAttributes.java
/**
 * Cause attributes constants.
 */
@Beta
public class CauseAttributes {

  // Represents stage configuration property failure
  public static final String STAGE_CONFIG = "stageConfig";
  // Represents an element in the list of elements associated with a stage config property.
  // For example, in projection transform, config property 'keep' represents a list of input fields to keep. Below
  // cause attribute can be used to represent an invalid field in 'keep' config property
  public static final String CONFIG_ELEMENT = "configElement";

  // Represents id of the plugin
  public static final String PLUGIN_ID = "pluginId";
  // Represents type of the plugin
  public static final String PLUGIN_TYPE = "pluginType";
  // Represents name of the plugin
  public static final String PLUGIN_NAME = "pluginName";
  // Represents requested artifact name
  public static final String REQUESTED_ARTIFACT_NAME = "requestedArtifactName";
  // Represents requested artifact name
  public static final String REQUESTED_ARTIFACT_VERSION = "requestedArtifactVersion";
  // Represents requested artifact scope
  public static final String REQUESTED_ARTIFACT_SCOPE = "requestedArtifactScope";
  // Represents suggested artifact name
  public static final String SUGGESTED_ARTIFACT_NAME = "suggestedArtifactName";
  // Represents suggested artifact name
  public static final String SUGGESTED_ARTIFACT_VERSION = "suggestedArtifactVersion";
  // Represents suggested artifact scope
  public static final String SUGGESTED_ARTIFACT_SCOPE = "suggestedArtifactScope";

  // Represents input stage
  public static final String INPUT_STAGE = "inputStage";
  // represents field of input stage schema
  public static final String INPUT_SCHEMA_FIELD = "inputField";

  // Represents a stage output port
  public static final String OUTPUT_PORT = "outputPort";
  // Represents a field of output stage schema
  public static final String OUTPUT_SCHEMA_FIELD = "outputField";

  // Represents a stacktrace
  public static final String STACKTRACE = "stacktrace";
}


API usage in plugins

@Override
public void configurePipeline(PipelineConfigurer pipelineConfigurer) {
  pipelineConfigurer.createDataset(conf.destinationFileset, FileSet.class);
  FailureCollector collector = pipelineConfigurer.getStageConfigurer().getFailureCollector();
  try {
    Pattern.compile(conf.filterRegex);
  } catch (Exception e) {
    collector.addFailure("Error encountered while compiling filter regex: " + e.getMessage(),
                         "Make sure filter regex is valid.").withConfigProperty("filterRegex");
  }
  if (conf.sourceFileset.equals(conf.destinationFileset)) {
    collector.addFailure("Source and destination filesets must be different",
                         "Make sure source and destination filesets are different")
      .withConfigProperty("sourceFileset").withConfigProperty("destinationFileset");
  }
}

Impact on UI

TypeDescriptionScenarioApproach - 1 - Json ResponseApproach - 2 - Json Response
StageErrorRepresents validation error while configuring the stageIf there is any error while connecting to sink while getting actual schema
{
"failures": [
{
"type": "StageError",
"message": "Could not load jdbc driver class.",
"correctiveAction": "Make sure correct driver is available.",
"properties": {
"stage": "src"
}
}
]
}



{
"errors": [
{
"message": "Could not load jdbc driver class.",
      "correctiveAction" : "Make sure correct driver is available.",
"causes": [
{
"stage": "src"
}
]
}
]
}
InvalidPropertyRepresents invalid configuration propertyIf config property value contains characters that are not allowed by underlying source or sink
{
"failures": [
{
"type": "InvalidProperty",
"message": "Property 'millis' should be more than 0.",
"correctiveAction": "Make sure 'millis' is greater than 0.",
"properties": {
"stage": "transform",
"configProperty": "millis"
}
}
]
}
{
"errors": [
{
"message": "Property 'millis' should be more than 0.",
      "correctiveAction" : "Make sure 'millis' is greater than 0.",
"causes": [
{
"stage": "transform",
"stageConfig": "millis"
}
]
}
]
}
PluginNotFoundRepresents plugin not found error for a stage. This error will be added by the data pipeline appIf the plugin was not found. This error will be thrown from the data pipeline app
{
"failures": [
{
"type": "PluginNotFound",
"message": "Plugin named 'Mock' of type 'batchsource' not found.",
"correctiveAction": "Please make sure the 'Mock' plugin is installed.",
"properties": {
"stage": "src",
"pluginType": "batchsource",
"pluginName": "Mock",
"pluginId": "Mock"
}
}
]
}
{
"errors": [
{
"message": "Plugin named 'Mock' of type 'batchsource' not found.",
      "correctiveAction" : "Please make sure the 'Mock' plugin is installed.",
"causes": [
{
"stage": "src",
"pluginType": "batchsource",
"pluginName": "Mock",
          "pluginId" : "Mock"
}
]
}
]
}
InvalidInputSchemaRepresents invalid schema field in input schemaIf the input schemas for joiner plugin is of different types
{
"failures": [
{
"type": "InvalidInputSchema",
"message": "Invalid schema field 'id'. Different types of join keys found in source1 and source2.",
"correctiveAction": "Type of join keys from source1 and source2 must be of same type string",
"properties": {
"stage": "joiner",
"field": "id",
"inputStage": "source1"
}
},
{
"type": "InvalidInputSchema",
"message": "Invalid schema field 'id'. Different types of join keys found in source1 and source2.",
"correctiveAction": "Type of join keys from source1 and source2 must be of same type string",
"properties": {
"stage": "joiner",
"field": "id",
"inputStage": "source2"
}
}
  ]
}
{
"failures": [
{
"message": "Different types of join keys found.",
"correctiveAction" : "Type of join keys from all the sources must be same.",
"causes": [
{
"stage": "joiner",
"joinKey": "source1.id,source2.id"
},
        {
"stage": "joiner",
	  "inputStage": "source1",
"inputField": "id"
},
        {
"stage": "joiner",
"inputStage": "source2",
"inputField": "id"
}
]
}
]
}
InvalidOutputSchemaRepresents invalid schema field in output schemaIf the output schema for the plugin is not compatible with underlying sink
{
"failures": [
{
"type": "InvalidOutputSchema",
"message": "Invalid schema field 'email'.",
"correctiveAction": "Schema should be of type 'string' at output port 'port'",
"properties": {
"stage": "splitter",
"field": "email",
"outputPort": "port"
}
}
]
}
{
"errors": [
{
"message": "Invalid schema field 'email'.",
      "correctiveAction" : "Schema should be of type 'string' at output port 'port'",
"causes": [
{
"stage": "splitter",
"outputPort": "port",
"outputField": "email"
}
]
}
]
}
InvalidFieldInPropertyRepresents an invalid field in property listIf the property represents list of fields, the failure should include the property name along with invalid field
{
"failures": [
{
"type": "InvalidFieldInProperty",
"message": "Unique field 'name' does not exist in the input schema.",
"correctiveAction": "Make sure 'name' field is a correct field.",
"properties": {
"stage": "Deduplicate",
"field": "uniqueFields",
"configElement": "name"
}
}
]
}


{
"errors": [
{
"message": "Unique field 'name' does not exist in the input schema.",
"correctiveAction" : "Make sure 'name' field is a correct field.",
"causes": [
{
"stage": "Deduplicate",
"outputPort": "uniqueFields",
"outputField": "name"
}
]
}
]
}

Conclusion

There are 2 contracts in this design. Programmatic contract between data pipeline app and plugins and another between data pipeline app and UI. Approach 2 does not introduce concept of failure type. This means that contract with UI will be based on the cause attributes rather than the type. This means that if plugins creates a custom failure and uses any of the UI compatible attributes, the UI can still highlight them. Approach 2 also provides association between causes which represents the failure better in case there are multiple causes causing this failure. Hence, Approach 2 is suggested.

Related Jira

CDAP-15578 - Getting issue details... STATUS

Related Work

Releases

Release 6.1.0


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7 Comments

  1. ValidationError
    Don't name a class with "Error" suffix unless it is extending from the Java Error class, which typically shouldn't be the case.
    1. Ok, will call it `ValidationFailure`.

  2. this.type = getType();
    Even this is not final code, but don't call non-static method in constructor.
  3. Could we please add corrective action as a nullable field please.

    1. Updated the convenience to include corrective action

  4. User stories seem to be incomplete, could we talk about corrective actions also in that. Just providing error message and letting user figure out is not a greatcuser expericne

    1. Updated the user story to also include corrective action.